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W I N E  and  Bozcaada
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Red Poppy...The second popular beverage of Bozcaada: Rep Poppy Syrup !
Grape and wine had been a subject in almost every source, drawn or written since the earliest times of the human history. Grape being the symbol of the first fertility gods, the other one is wheat, saved its holy character by transforming into wine, in the religion of our times. It is an object in all forms of art, in every century, with its magical structure. Wine, the natural product of grape juice, is magical and full of secrets even today, contrary to the level of achievments reached in production technologies.

Many sources indicate Anatolia, as a part of the homeland for hundreds of varieties of grape. Behind the words of " WINE, WEIN, VIN, WIN, OINOS, VINUM, WOINOS, used today and in the past, lies the word of "VIYANA" , belonging to the Hitite Civilisation with an history dating back 4500 years. Grape and wine, having very important role for 10 000 years, in the identified past of the area, had been first taken to Egypt through Mesopotamia, then to the  Mediterranean islands and Greece by the Phonecian sailors, from there to Europe by the romans. It was transported tothe east by Persia and India. The spanish took it to America in the 16th century. Grape began to be planted in South Africa in 17th century, in Australia at the end of 18th century and New Zealand in 19th century. Vine plantation and agriculture of grape in the world is increasing today, in the areas, where the temperatures are between -1 and 19 degrees Centigrade, during the productive season of the grape. 
The most widely spread and densely consumption of grape, throuhout the world is by wine. More than 50% of the grape production is converted into wine. This percentage in Turkey is below 5%.
The transformation of the grape juice, consisting of 75% of water and 22% of sugar in general, into wine, consisting of 85% of water and 12% of alcohol is a result of its own nature. The microscobic yeasts on the grape berry splits the molecules of carbondioxide. This, so called fermantation procees is the required reaction for wine making released with the aid of anaerobic bacteria.
This information is expressed in the chemical language (reaction equation) as:
C6H12O6  ( ----------------) 2C2H50H  +     2CO2    +     56K.Calories
(Grape sugars)   (yeasts)           (alcohol)       (carbondioxide)            (energy)

If the process is carried out in open air, then oxidation of the alcohol to asetic acid (vinegar) occurs which spoils the wine.
The above expression discovered by Gay-Lussac in 1818, is far away from telling us the beauty, magic and secrets behind the wine, with a past of thousands of years. The total essence of the wine, is in the 3% balance, of water and sugar in grape juice and of water and alcohol in wine, composed of acids as tartaric, malic, and lactic, minerals as potassium magnesium, calcium, sodium, and iron, nitrogenous compounds as proteins and amino acids, oxygene compounds such as polyhenolics and many other ingredients. The all magic, color, smell and taste is hiddin in this 3%. This magic whic eunology could any understand by comperative methods, in most of the cases is not difficult to perceive if looked at grapes nature and thousand of years of tradition.
The positive effect of wine to human health is a real natural beverage, is known by humanity since thousands of years. And this peculiarity is confirmed by new reaseachers even today. It is definite that wine is one of the most healthfull beverages and disease making bacteries can not grow in wine.
One of the leading compounds in wine is RESVERATROL, and antioxidant found in the seeds and skins of grapes. Red wine has a high concentration of resveratrol, because, the skins and seeds remain in the grape juices during wine-making process. This prolonged contactduring fermantation produces significant levels opf resveratrol, in the finished red wine. White wine also contains resveratrol, but the seeds snd skins are removed early, reducing the concentration of the compound in the white wine. There are many other flavonoids and polyohenolic compounds in wine that show antioxidant activity. Antioxidants help well being by protecting the tissues and biological macromolecules ( proteins, DNA, etc.) against free radical attack, which may in turn offer certian health benefits in the provention heart diseases. Antioxidants in wine are also beneficial in fighting against cancer, alzheimer, dementia.
Many people say that , they have difficulty in understanding the magic behind the wine self product of grape. In fact, it is very easy to differantiate and specify a good wine. The whole speciality and secrets are in the cristal color , in the smell, reminiscing bunch of flowers and basket of fruits, in the indescribable taste formed in the mouth, while and after drinking and beyond all of this, in the kef felt.
Kef, (also kif, kief, keif) is a word indicating a dreamy and tranquil state of someone. The word originates from arabic.

                                      
Special thanks to Mr.AKIN BARAN for his above article.
Like many other places in Turkey, Bozcaada too, is famous because of quality wines throughout history. There is approximately 5000 years of contunious life on the island and as you guess the history of wine on Bozcaada is as old as the life on the island. Coins of Tenedos reflect this very fact as shown below. You will see grapes and wine amphoras on the coin.
Coins of Tenedos
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On Bozcaada, today, beyond traditional grape varieties which are cultivated since centuries, new varieties can also seen on the vineyards. There are four local wineries which produce  wine on the island. You can taste and buy different kinds of wine on the  shops of each winery and you can also observe the production process during you taste them. The four companies namely; Ataol, Corvus, Talay and Yunatcilar do their best to serve you the best wine. Being a major wine producing center , Bozcaada suplies around 10% of Turkey's wine.
As in "Let's Go" written,
"....(wine)... available everywhere except (maybe) the post office ! "
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